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Displaying items by tag: react js

Adventures in User Interface Design and Code Generation – Part 1

Doug Rosenberg

Parallel Agile

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We’re busy these days teaching CodeBot how to generate fully functional web applications from UML models, with as little coding as possible (and ideally with no coding at all).  The basic steps involved are

  1. Develop a domain model and code generate database and API
  2. Wireframe the screens and link them to the API
  3. Develop a UX Navigation State Machine that defines the sequence in which screens appear
  4. Code Generate and automatically host the generated database, API, and web app code
  5. Test, iterate, and refine


We’re using a Location Based Advertising (LBA) System to test CodeBot’s performance on a real project.  LBA is a geofenced coupon delivery system and its web application allows advertisers to Register for an Account, Login, and Publish Coupons.  These coupons are then received by a mobile app that’s connected to the hosted API when a geofence is entered.

CodeBot Generates UI Code

CodeBot generates React/Bootstrap code from wireframes as shown in Figure 1.

Fig 1 Register wireframe and screenshot

Figure 1 - No coding is needed to create the Registration Page – because it’s generated from a wireframe

The screens are linked to the API using UML Tagged Values, and both Registration and Login are done securely on the server-side using JWT authentication, as CodeBot generates Login and Register methods in the API automatically. The sequencing of the generated screens is defined using a UX Navigation State Machine as shown in Figure 2.

Fig 2 LBA1 navigation

Figure 2 - First draft UX Navigation state machine is simplistic

At first glance, the initial state machine makes sense; first you Register and then you Login, right?  But when you code generate the project and start using the hosted web app, you quickly realize that whoops, once I’m signed up, I don’t want to see the Registration page anymore.  I want the web app to take me to the Login page first, and if I’m a new user, allow me to Register, then take me back to Login.

Which comes first, the chicken or the egg?

From a use case standpoint, it’s a pretty simple modeling decision…does Register <precede> Login or does Login <invoke> Register?  If you reflect on it for a few seconds, it’s pretty clear that Login needs to invoke Register (Figure 3). This is where the rapid iteration between design, generated code, and hosted application that CodeBot enables really shows its power. 

Fig 3 precedes or invokes

Figure 3 - In a real system, Login <invokes> Register, because you only Register once

Developing at the speed of thought

An ideal scenario would be to make these changes to the application at the speed of thought…just re-wire my state machine (Figure 4), make a couple of changes to the Register and Login wireframes, press the button and have CodeBot automatically re-generate the entire web application and host it in the cloud.

Fig 4 LBA2 navigation

Figure 4 – Ah, that’s better: re-wiring the state machine to start with Login

As “developing at the speed of thought” is the goal of CodeBot, that’s exactly how it works. The re-wired state machine now starts with Login and handles transitions between Login and Register Pages.

Fig 5 login 1 and login 2

Figure 5 – Modified Login wireframe allows us to Register new users

While we’re re-wiring the navigation state machine, we also update the Login wireframe to take new users to the Register page (Figure 5) and similarly update the registration page.  After a quick visit to the CodeBot web console we’ve got a re-deployed web application as shown in Figure 6.

Fig 6 CodeBot makes quick work of rebuilding the React pages

Figure 6 - Ah, that's even more better.  CodeBot makes quick work of generating and hosting the new web app.  It’s up and running in minutes!

The real power of CodeBot driven UX development is the ability to rapidly generate and deploy new versions of an application in minutes to get the feedback-driven benefits of agile development.  Short iterations are the key to developing a refined and customer-tested user interface (and associated access-controlled database).

How do we manage one developer per use case?

If you’ve been reading anything about Parallel Agile you already know that we like to enable projects to get done quickly by having developers work in parallel.  So we might have one developer working on the Login and Register wireframes and another working on the UX Navigation state machine.

Fig 7 one developer per use case

Figure 7 - Working in parallel requires good version control

What if each of our developers were working on a separate UML model?  We’d need some way to manage and merge versions of the model.

Like branches on a tree

We’ve recently discovered a companion product to CodeBot that manages branching of UML models in a way we’ve always wanted to see – with visual differencing on diagrams. That product is called LemonTree, from LieberLieber software. We’re pretty excited about the potential of using CodeBot and LemonTree together (more on that coming soon).

Fig 8 LemonTree diff navigation 2 Register

Figure 8 - LemonTree does visual differencing on state machine diagrams

Fig 9 LemonTree diff wireframe login copy

Figure 9 - Visual differencing on wireframes enables parallel development

With visual differencing and model versioning, the “one developer per use case” paradigm of Parallel Agile becomes quick and easy to manage.

The Need for Speed

Our mission at Parallel Agile is to help you to develop software radically faster while simultaneously improving its quality.   Our approach is to systematically remove obstacles from from an idealized process of “developing at the speed of thought”.

At a macro level, speed improvements are made possible by encouraging a scalable one-developer-per-use-case paradigm.  This is enabled by CodeBot’s automatic generation of database, API, and API documentation from an easy-to-understand domain model. Incorporation of things like JWT tokenized Registration and Login and Role Based Access Control into CodeBot’s API generation simplifies handling of data privacy issues.

At a more-fine grained level (within each use case) CodeBot’s generation of web applications from wireframes and state machines gets your system up and running in a big hurry, then short iterations of an automatically hosted and deployed application allow for rapid refinement of the system to make sure it meets customer needs.  Management of a highly parallel development process where “the model is the code” is facilitated by LemonTree’s visual differencing and merge capabilities.

If you need to develop software faster and all of this catches your interest, we’d love to hear from you.  User Interface code generation is currently available in pre-release for our Early Access customers (Early Access is available on request for all paid CodeBot licensees).  Watch for announcements coming soon.

Dive in deeper


CodeBot 201 Generating complete web apps including UI and database

Video: CodeBot - Generating complete web apps including UI and database

Here are a few links for further exploration:

Parallel Agile Blog: https://medium.com/parallel-agile-blog

Parallel Agile Book on Amazon: https://www.amazon.com/Parallel-Agile-faster-delivery-defects/dp/303030700X

Training on the Parallel Agile Process: http://parallelagile.com/training.html

Parallel Agile CodeBot Home Page: https://parallelagile.net/

LemonTree from LieberLieber: https://www.lieberlieber.com/lemontree/en/

Webinar: Model Management for Low Code Projects: https://www.lieberlieber.com/en/webinar-model-management-for-low-code-projects/

Published in Tutorials

How to create a full-stack React Bootstrap UI in under 10 minutes

A tutorial and reference on designing a complete web application and generating it with CodeBot UX

by Matt Stephens, Parallel Agile

This article was originally published here: https://medium.com/parallel-agile-blog/create-a-full-stack-react-bootstrap-ui-in-under-10-minutes-d0eec3077618

CodeBot from Parallel Agile is a full-stack application generator, which can also host your generated application in the cloud. Give CodeBot a domain model and UI wireframes, and it’ll create:

  • a React web UI
  • a MongoDB database
  • a Node/Express.js REST API, optionally secured using JWT
  • API client libraries — currently Java and JavaScript, with other languages set to be released soon, including C#, Swift, TypeScript
  • JSON Schema
  • Swagger/OpenAPI docs

We have more targets, platforms, architectures and languages on the way, but that’s plenty to get started with!

To whet your appetite, here’s a quick CodeBot video that shows a project being turned into a generated UI:



Getting Started

To get started designing your new application, you’ll need:

  • a copy of Enterprise Architect (EA)  to create the domain model and wireframes
  • a CodeBot account from Parallel Agile

At the time of writing, the generated React UI isn’t in full release, but it’s available under Early Access for customers with a CodeBot license (to gain access, please email us)

There’s also a handy series of step-by-step CodeBot 101 videos that show how to get everything installed and set up — so I won’t repeat those details here:

VSRADS Example

In this article I’ll walk through the a much-simplified version of the “VSRADS” model shown in the above example video.

VSRADS stands for “Very Short Range Air Defence System” — it’s basically a mosquito zapper. It listens for the high-pitched whine of a mosquito flying by, calculates its position and trajectory, and zaps it with a low-frequency laser.

Our example project is a state machine simulator… given a series of states, a web page is generated to represent each one; and the state machine itself is turned into the navigation “user flow” between pages — i.e. the routes.

So let’s get started!

Step 1: Create a project with 3 top-level packages

Create a new, blank project in EA, and give it the following 3 packages (via “Add View” in the right-click menu):



This will become a familiar pattern… the “three amigos” for defining a new full-stack project

When the model is generated later, the elements in each of these packages will contribute to the generated application, as follows:


  • Each wireframe is turned into a React web page
  • The navigation state machine is turned into a set of routes
  • Each domain class (created in the Domain Model package) is turned into a MongoDB collection and REST API create/read/update/delete endpoint

Step 2: Draw the domain model

Under “Domain Model”, create a class diagram and populate it with some domain classes.

The complete VSRADS domain model looks like this:


For this example you could just create a subset — just be sure to include Simulation Run, as we’ll be linking it to the UI and database.

Step 3: Design the UI Navigation

The idea is that you design individual screens as wireframes, and link them together via a “user flow” or navigation diagram; in this case we’ll draw the user flow as a state machine:

  • Each state represents a screen or page
  • Each transition (the arrows linking the states together) represents a navigation route

Navigation routes are triggered by things like clicking a link, or submitting a form — “create” or “update” actions.

To introduce the idea, here’s a “hello world” kind of example:



Each generated page will be given its own URI (/login, /view_products etc) so can be individually bookmarked. However, the “Initial” pseudo-state is used to determine which page is displayed by default— the “navigation root” or home page.

Back to VSRADS though… this is a more complex state machine:



Each transition arrow has been given a trigger, which is shown as a label in the diagram. To add a trigger, double-click on the transition:



In EA, you don’t need to select the trigger type etc, you can just enter a name, to keep it simple.

The name needs to match up with the component name in the wireframe, e.g. a button called “Target Identified” — you’ll see some examples of this in the next section.

Usually, the trigger name is also prefixed with an event type, such as on click: or on create: . However, “on click” is the default, so can be omitted.

It’s also worth noting, if the button name is the same as the target page, then CodeBot will figure it out, so you then don’t even need to give the transition a name.

The following event prefixes are supported:

  • on click— e.g. “on click: Login”
  • on create — e.g. “on create: Target”
  • on update — e.g. “on update: Target”

The events all take place in the “source page”, i.e. the page that the transition arrow points from. The trigger will, as you’d expect, result in the app navigating to the “target page”.

The create and update events are triggered when a form is submitted in the “source page”.

Now that you have the overall website or application designed, it’s a good time to create a wireframe for each one.

Step 4: Design the wireframes

EA has a UI wireframe designer built-in. Because the wireframes are fully integrated into the UML model, you can link together wireframe elements, classes, states and other elements… so everything fits together in the generated project.

The VSRADS model has 8 wireframes in total. For this article we’ll focus on two of them, Set Up Simulation (the start page), and Listening for Mosquitoes.

Creating a Wireframe

Right-click on the Wireframes package and choose New Diagram:


In the new wireframe, you need to create a top-level frame which serves as the page-size boundary. This may seem less relevant for websites, but will become important when CodeBot also generates other platforms such as mobile apps. (New feature coming soon!!)


Always add a “Client Area” to represent the page boundary, and fit all the wireframe components inside it

Next, add some components to the page!


Currently with the Early Access release, CodeBot recognises a subset of all the available components. So for now, be sure to only add from the Controls and Website Controls tool palettes.

Position and size the components to match your page design. CodeBot will translate this into a responsive website layout; e.g. it’ll detect grids of label/textfield pairs, alignment of individual labels or buttons, etc.

You can also supply hints to influence how the page is generated. In EA, this is done via tagged values — you can find these on the Tags tab in the Properties panel:


In the above screenshot, the Set up Simulation title has been given a tag called css class, with the value h1 (“Heading 1”). To add more than one CSS class, separate them with spaces.

The generated website uses the popular React-Bootstrap project, meaning you can specify any “Bootstrap-standard” CSS classes here.

Another useful tag is variant. This conforms to the Bootstrap 4 colour variants:


For example, the Run Simulation button is given the “primary” variant (the exact case doesn’t matter) via a tagged value, so will be rendered in the page with a solid-blue background:


In this way, it’s possible to adhere to Bootstrap’s design language—the “primary” variant represents the main or default action, etc.

For future platforms even if they don’t use Bootstrap, CodeBot will adapt the same “Bootstrappy” tagged values to the target platform, so you’ll only have to draw the wireframes once in order to get a generated website, mobile app, desktop app etc.

Just to illustrate another page in the same UX design, here’s the Listening for Mosquitoes wireframe:


The Image component can display any image type normally supported in web browsers (jpeg, gif, png). Just include a url tag with the complete URL where the image can be loaded from.

Step 5: Define actions on UI elements

In the previous screenshot, the Run Simulation button also has a tag called action, with the value create.

As long as the button resides in a container panel with form components (text fields etc), when the button is clicked, the form will be submitted to the generated REST API. What happens next depends on the value of the action tag:

  • create (create a new record in the database)
  • update (update the current record)

The form elements do need to be linked to a particular domain class, though; so let’s do that next.

Step 6: Link UI elements to the domain model

There are two ways to associate UI elements with a particular domain class:

  1. Use the domain tag
  2. Draw a dependency relationship from the UI element to the domain class

Which one you use is entirely up to you; the effect on the generated code is exactly the same. It’s more of a stylistic choice, as some people appreciate the visual aspect of seeing a link on the diagram, while others prefer the detail to be tucked away.

Domain tag

Click on the form component you’d like to link, and add a tag as follows:

tutorial 16a

The domain tagged value uses the form:

Class Name.attribute name

e.g. Simulation Run (the domain class), a dot, then name (the attribute name).

As a time saver, you can also just add the domain class name to the parent container panel:


The “child” form components are then auto-linked to the domain attributes, by matching each component name with an attribute name.

Once this linking-up is done, then when the generated form is submitted, it’ll automatically call the correct REST API endpoint for that domain class.

Dependency arrow

As an alternative to the domain tag, simply drag the relevant domain class from the package explorer onto the wireframe. Then draw a dependency arrow from the container panel to the class:


You can also link the individual text fields to the class, if preferred.

To emphasize again, this has exactly the same effect as using the domain class; which you use is just a personal preference.


Step 7: Generate the application

If you have the CodeBot add-in installed in EA, right-click on the root (“Model”) package in the package browser. Then choose:

Specialize > Parallel Agile > Generate Project

If you can’t run the add-in for any reason (e.g. you’re on a Mac using a Windows VM), another way to run CodeBot is as follows:

  1. Make sure you’ve selected the root (“Model”) package, then from EA’s ribbon menu, choose:
    Publish > Export-XML -> Export XML for Current Package
  2. Login into the CodeBot Web Console at parallelagile.net, and choose Upload XMI:



CodeBot will detect that the model contains wireframes, and automatically generate a Bootstrap-React project. You can find it in the downloaded zipfile, in the UX/React folder.


Step 8: Run the React app!

You can optionally elect the generated application to be hosted — just make sure the “Publish to our cloud service” checkbox in the above screenshot is ticked.

In this case, CodeBot will automatically build the React app, and then publish the full website, REST API and database to our secure cloud service.

To access the hosted website, click the blue Visit Website button (visible in the above screenshot).

The Set up Simulation page will load in a separate tab:



When you enter some form details and click Run Simulation, the following series of events take place:

  1. Due to the action tag and the linked domain class, the React app submits the form to the REST API
  2. The REST API validates the form data against the generated JSON Schema (based on the domain class and attributes), then creates the new record in the MongoDB database
  3. Due to the on create: Run Simulation trigger on the navigation state machine, the React app will detect that a “create” just happened linked to the Run Simulation button. So (as the trigger is on a transition), the browser navigates to the next page, Listening for Mosquitoes:


In closing…

CodeBot UX radically shortens the iterative feedback loop when developing new software. When domain modeling, you can now quickly create a working prototype, use the prototype to elicit new or changed requirements, feed the updates back into the model, rinse and repeat…

… often several times in the same workshop session, with the customer or domain expert right there in the room (or on the same Zoom call).

CodeBot UX is available now for Early Access customers. To request access, please email us at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. — we’ll welcome your feedback!

Published in Tutorials
Wednesday, 25 November 2020 08:43

CodeBot UX is available to early access users

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:  November 23, 2020

Urvashi Prakash Parallel Agile

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

No Code App Generator, CodeBot UX is available to early access users 


November, 2020, Los Angeles, CA: Parallel Agile’s full-stack application generator, CodeBot UX, is now available to early access users. With CodeBot you can already generate full-stack applications from a domain model, while its newly engineered UX components allow users a smoother and far more nuanced and centralized approach towards app generation.

Codebot UX supports Enterprise Architect UML models including class diagrams, state machines and wireframes. From these, CodeBot generates a database schema, API documentation, server-side code, client-side code including domain classes, CRUD functions and usage examples. While supporting both SQL and non-SQL databases, CodeBot also generates all three layers of the MVC framework.

CodeBot can also automatically host your generated web application in the cloud, at the click of a button.

According to Matt Stephens, Director of Development for Parallel Agile: "Our ability to link screens to an auto-generated database access API and to drive UI navigation from state machines effectively makes MBSE models executable, fulfilling a vision originally set out in 2002 when Steve Mellor wrote Executable UML".

With this early access release, the following React UI components are ready for users to try out: Panel, Button, Label, Text field, Table and Video Player.

CodeBot UX initially targets React, but will soon build equivalent user interfaces for React Native, Vue.js and Angular.  Video illustrating CodeBot UX (MBSE: CodeBot for Software Intensive Systems) is available on YouTube.

Doug Rosenberg, Parallel Agile CTO, states: "CodeBot UX’s ability to generate working screens from wireframes to full stack code generation and automatically host the working application, introduces a new model-driven development paradigm where CodeBot effectively serves as a UML compiler, producing running applications directly from UML or SysML models."

 More about the company:

Parallel Agile addresses the underlying technical issues with integrating work done by large teams in addition to the management issues – specifically enabling large teams of developers to collaborate efficiently and reduce schedule time on projects.   The company offers training in UML, SysML, MBSE, and Agile development in addition to its full-stack application generator, CodeBot.

Early Access Program

Parallel Agile’s early access program allows CodeBot licensees to gain access to a growing range of new features and capabilities.  New CodeBot customers can request early access when they purchase their license.

CodeBot UX is available immediately for early access users.

For more information on CodeBot, please visit www.parallelagile.com or email us at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Published in News