Sparx Systems

99 Albert Street
P: +61 3 5345 1140
F: +61 3 5345 1104
Sparx Systems specializes in high performance and scalable visual modeling tools for the planning, design and construction of software intensive systems. A Contributing Member of the Object Management Group (OMG), Sparx Systems is committed to realizing the potential of model-driven development based on open standards. The company’s flagship product, Enterprise Architect, has received numerous accolades since its commercial release in August, 2000. Enterprise Architect is the design tool of choice for over 740,000 registered users worldwide.
Thursday, 01 November 2018 04:59

Searching for Orphan Elements

Orphan Elements are elements that exist in the model, but are not included on a diagram for some reason. They can occur in the process of creating and editing diagrams and get left behind, sometimes due to being deleted off the diagram, but not subsequently the model.

Enterprise Architect has a pre-defined search that identifies any Orphan Elements, which can come in handy when cleaning up your model.

To search for Orphan Elements, open the Model Search using Crtl+Alt+A and from the Pull Down Menus > select Diagram Searches > then Find Orphans.



You can search for specific terms as well, for example name - this case "Oliver Twist."



If you would like a list of other pre-defined model searches take a look at our User Guide

As of today, Sparx Systems will be offering Prolaborate as a core component of The Pro Cloud Server. Prolaborate leverages the model data in Enterprise Architect to allow the wider user community to analyze, interact and make key decisions.



For more information, please read the official press release on the Joint Venture between Sparx Systems and Sixth Force.



Monday, 08 October 2018 22:19

Elements of Business Modeling

Modern Analyst Webinar Series
Featured Speaker: Ramsay Millar, Business Architect, INTEGRATE IT, Inc.
When: Thursday, October 11, 2018 at 10:00 AM Pacific (1:00 PM Eastern).
Elements of Business Modeling - Every sector today is being led by the wealthiest technology business leaders in history because those leaders embraced technology as a strategic capability. Eighty percent of executives believe “their business models are under attack” according to McKinsey Research. Leading organizations need business architects to build better business solutions.
Organizations who plan to survive rapid technology, cultural changes, cyber security threats, artificial intelligence, and demands for more business agility must find skilled business architects who guide, analyze, recommend, communicate, and guide high risk transformations. Are you a strategic business analyst who wishes to grow your career?
All Business Architecture models presented were created by Ramsay Millar using Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect.
Webinar URL:

Enterprise Architecture


Enterprise Architects are now being reported as the highest paid discipline in IT, however with this realization organizations need to ensure they are getting the most out of these highly-skilled professionals. The skills and experience of Enterprise Architects combined with the right tools like Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect can support business agility with a lowered exposure to risk.


Glassdoor, the job posting and company feedback website, recently published its annual 25 Highest Paying Jobs in America list with the technology sector boasting 65% of highest-paying jobs. The title of 'Enterprise Architect' however did best, coming in at #4 overall. This annual list from Glassdoor is produced using employee-submitted salary reports, which are then used to rank them according to their annual base salary and the job openings/listings posted that year.


It's gratifying to see organizations are better-valuing the contribution of technically-skilled workers - especially given that IT capabilities are increasingly the wellspring of organizational growth. According to the list, Enterprise Architects are now the highest paid IT discipline and are highly sort-after in the workplace. This also bears out in last year's Harvey Nash/KPMG CIO Survey which found enterprise architecture is the fastest-growing technology skill; up a "massive" 26 per cent compared with the previous year. All this begs the question - what is it about Enterprise Architects in particular that are commanding such wages and enjoying such standing in the workplace?


We know that Enterprise Architects are at the nexus of business and technology, working to align business strategy and IT execution. They are also increasingly responsible for envisioning and supporting future business capabilities by anticipating and evaluating IT investments and development. This all requires excellent strategic thinking, communication and problem-solving skills, along with a wide range of technical capabilities.


However, like many change-agents, Enterprise Architects encounter resistance and are required to continually prove the value and viability of their solutions. To this end, Enterprise Architects must demonstrably connect their work with long-term business strategy in a compelling fashion, otherwise the many competing elements at play within an organization - such as short-term vs. long-term business interests and business vs. IT prerogatives - can inhibit an architect's ability to get anything done. The ability to connect strategy and execution is essential for buy-in from the right business and IT stakeholders.


Wally McLaughlin, Director of Sales at Sparx Services North America notes, “We encounter leaders every day who have skilled and experienced architects on their teams – some really talented people. But in-spite of all of that knowledge, their teams are struggling to explain to business leaders and decision makers how to affect real transformational change. Companies are complex, but with the right modeling tools like Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect, Architects can help leaders break down the complexity into manageable parts that the rest of the organization can understand and act upon.”


Ideally by drawing a line between business strategy, architectures and outcomes like business processes, databases and source code, Enterprise Architects can hope to create clear demonstrable links between strategy and execution. Of course, extracting corporate strategy itself can be difficult (especially in cases where it's non-existent), but by referencing documented roadmaps and consulting executive staff, Enterprise Architects can at least begin to model the corporate strategies that should guide IT strategy. In fact, by allowing business executives to view the business roadmaps while they are defined, Enterprise Architects can prompt some useful discussions that help organizations identify opportunities for growth.


Example diagram types useful for documenting this information in Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect include Strategy maps that offer a coherent view of the enterprise business strategy and Value Chains that reveal where real business value lies. Enterprise Architects can then create linkages in the meta-model from strategy maps to all areas of the enterprise.


When IT silos develop within an organization, often it can mean IT initiatives continue for some time without a cohesive approach. Enterprise Architects can help bring IT strategy back into focus by reviewing current processes, products and initiatives and their links to corporate strategy. This is especially simple where organizations are already using modeling platforms like Enterprise Architect to model their software and systems. With enterprise-wide collaborative tools, Enterprise Architects can begin to break down silos across business architecture, IT architecture and systems to better direct the organization's development priorities.


Business Capability Modeling is a great way to represent and communicate the future and current states of business operations. It defines what a company needs to execute its strategy. Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect contains built-in business profiles and technologies that Enterprise Architects can use define current and future state architectures and then trace system deployment and business processes from management decisions and corporate strategy. A further GAP Analysis can be used to analyze model artifacts, identifying potential gaps between solution architectures. Staff competencies, data and information, business processes, lines of business and more can be modeled to analyze current and future states of an enterprise.

Architects can create incremental versions of their architecture models in Enterprise Architect with Time Aware Modeling, with tools that facilitate the migration of elements through multiple versions. This provides the ability to trace any changes as the underlying architecture evolves through each stage of development, in a manner that preserves the integrity of the As-Is model elements. This allows you to track changes of an individual element over time, in conjunction with understanding changes to the broader model using Enterprise Architect's numerous traceability capabilities. Architects can then see the evolution of an architecture over different versions, and create new versions of model elements automatically and conduct insightful model simulations without altering the underlying structure of the 'As-Is' architecture.

Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect supports frameworks like TOGAF, Zachman, UPDM and ArchiMate which provide a formalized methodology for planning, designing and implementing an Enterprise Architecture.


With all this investment, Enterprise Architects need the right tools to get the job done. Why offer the wages being reported by Glassdoor and Harvey Nash/KPMG and then give them a spreadsheet? There is a lot on the line. Not only is software and systems increasingly critical to both day-to-day operations and growth, there is a large financial investment in Enterprise Architects themselves. A platform like Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect equips Enterprise Architects with the tools to effectively execute corporate strategy whilst keeping teams connected and collaborating toward a shared vision.


If you would like a trial of Enterprise Architect, please visit:

To learn more, Sparx Systems has released a new Enterprise Architecture Guidebook.



Thursday, 27 September 2018 05:01

Enterprise Architect Gathering

Sparx Services UK (Hippo Software) is hosting a Scottish gathering of Enterprise Architect Users in Livingston on Tuesday 23rd October, 2018.


Click for further details and to complete your online registration.

This user group is a friendly and relaxed get together for anyone using Enterprise Architect and interested in sharing their experiences, knowledge and ideas. The day will start with a presentation of Enterprise Architect 14 by Sparx Systems via live link with Australia, followed by end user presentations and interactive discussion groups with lots of Q&A opportunities.

Monday, 17 September 2018 06:57

Copy a Diagram to the Clipboard

Copying a Diagram to the Clipboard

This tutorial is a very simple example, but also very handy when producing reports and documentation.

You can copy and paste your current diagram using the shortcut CTRL+B. It's a simple way of copying and pasting your diagrams into word processors, image manipulation tools or any 3rd party environment that can handle images.


The above image was copied using the default options and the shortcut CTRL+B.

Some preferences exist when copying diagrams to the clipboard.

  • By default, Enterprise Architect places a diagram caption and border around diagrams copied to the Clipboard. To turn this off, go to Start > View > Preferences > Diagram > Diagram Frames > deselect Clipboard Images.
  • Sometimes it's convenient to turn off the Opacity on Diagram Labels. That can be done from Start > View > Preferences > Diagram > Use Opaque Diagram Labels > deselect Clipboards and Files.
  • Images are created in Metafile format by default. Bitmap format can be selected from Start > View > Preferences > General > Clipboard Format.

For more options exporting diagrams from EA, watch our demonstration video Diagram Export Options

This month about 60 attendees from various areas of the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) sector created an enthusiastic audience at the ITS Australian Government Roundtable held in Canberra. The invited speakers gave insightful presentations and the key takeaway from this thought-provoking event, which was chaired by Dean Zabriezach the CEO of hmi technologies, was the importance and immense scope of the transportation revolution, that this group of professionals represented at the global level.

Sparx Systems also attended this event, during which senior government and industry representatives shared their views on the role of developing connected technology in transportation.

its canberra

The Intelligent Transport System (ITS) a subset of the Internet of Things, is the application of sensing, analysis, control and communications technologies to ground transportation in order to improve safety, mobility and efficiency. ITS includes a wide range of applications that process and share information to ease congestion, improve traffic management, minimize environmental impact and increase the benefits of transportation to commercial users and the public in general. Sparx Systems collaborates with ISO TC/204 and CEN TC/278, the two major standards organizations building ITS standards in Europe.

Press Release: Sparx Systems Supports Standards Development for Intelligent Transport Systems

ITS Australia
Intelligent Transport Systems Australia (ITS Australia) promotes the development and deployment of advanced technologies to deliver safer, more efficient and sustainable transport across all public and private modes – air, sea, road, and rail. Key activities include convening national summits and international conferences, facilitating dialogue between transport modes and across government jurisdictions, promoting research and development and the export of Australian technologies. ITS Australia is a member of the ITS Asia Pacific Region and is represented on the Asia Pacific Board of Directors. ITS Australia works closely with the three main global ITS regional communities including ITS Asia Pacific, ITS America and ITS Europe – ERTICO.

ITS and Reducing the Road Toll
In a recently published Press release from the European Commission (EC), the preliminary 2017 road safety statistics show, that for the second year in a row there was a decrease of around 2% in the number of fatalities on roads throughout Europe as manufacturers add technology to their vehicles.
During 2017 there were 25,300 fatalities on EU roads, which is 300 fewer than in 2016 and 6,200 (20%) fewer than in 2010. It is estimated that another 135 000 people were seriously injured in 2017, including a large proportion of vulnerable users: pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists. Besides the victims, road fatalities and injuries also affect the society as a whole, with an estimated socio-economic cost of €120 billion a year. The press release notes that “While this trend is encouraging, reaching the EU objective of halving road fatalities between 2010 and 2020 will now be very challenging.”

Australian Challenge
However, Australia faces similar challenges, according to the Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities in the National Road Safety Action Plan for 2018 – 2020 to reach a 30% reduction target in road deaths by 2020. One of the priority actions is to ensure safety across all Safe System areas is properly considered in the Transport and Infrastructure Council’s ongoing work program to prepare for connected and automated vehicles and to influence industry to apply, and if possible accelerate, new safety technologies, for example Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB), fatigue detection, distraction mitigation, vehicle control and aftermarket vehicle warning technologies.

As delegated under the Intelligent Transport Systems Directive, the European Commission will adopt specifications on cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) including vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication in Q4 2018.

Sparx Systems Support for ITS Standards
For more than a decade, Sparx Systems has provided Enterprise Architect support for DATEX II, the data exchange standard for exchanging traffic information between traffic management centers, traffic service providers, traffic operators, and media partners.
The EC sees the DATEX II standard as preferred in several Delegated Acts supporting the ITS Directive and ITS Action. The aim of the DATEX II PSA (DATEX II Programme Support Action) organization is that in 2020 DATEX II is THE information model for road traffic and travel information in Europe.

Tuesday, 11 September 2018 22:57

Requirements in Context - Webinar

Requirements in Context

Thursday, September 13th, 2018 at 10:00 AM Pacific (1:00 PM Eastern)


Scott Ambler, a key founder of the Agile movement accurately stated:
"If a requirement was misunderstood, all modeling decisions based on that requirement are invalid,

the code written is also in question, and the testing efforts are now verifying the application under the wrong conditions".

Topics covered include:

  • Requirements across the entire landscape
  • The semantics of Requirements
  • Reuse Requirements
  • Requirements traceability
  • Requirements Management tools

Featured Speaker: Ramsay Millar, Business Architect

Use Requirements Documents to Create Elements in Enterprise Architect.

In their early states, requirements are often described in MS Word documents. Using Enterprise Architect, modelers can save themselves time and effort by dragging text descriptions onto a Requirements diagrams, which Enterprise Architect then uses to automatically create requirements elements with titles and descriptions.


import req txt


  1. To do this, select the header and requirement description in an external application like MS Word.
  2. Drag and drop the text description onto a Requirements diagram. The first line of text is given to the element name. Any other lines of text are assigned to element notes.




This small tip can really simplify downstream development when preliminary requirements have been defined in text format.

There are also a number of other options available to model requirements from text documents such as:

  1. importing a comma delimited CSV file,
  2. creating document artifacts, copying and pasting your requirements descriptions, and then right-click relevant words to create elements (select: create | new | requirement).

These methods are further described in the following Requirements Management whitepaper.





Democratization of Knowledge

The “strength of common people” is the meaning from which the word democracy is derived – a combination of demos, "common people" and kratos, strength.1 In a knowledge democracy, where the sharing of knowledge is encouraged, everyone is empowered and intellectual capital increases. Many leaders have stated that their people are the greatest strength of their organisation. It follows, based on this assertion, that the knowledge and the abilities, talent and intellect of individuals, are of great importance for the competitive advantage of the organisation2. To deny the links between strategic human resources and the organisation’s innovation capacity, senior management fail to recognise the value of intellectual capital, their intangible assets,3 at the peril of the organisation.

Klaus Schwab, founder of the World Economic Forum has noted, “There has never been a time of greater promise, or one of greater potential peril. Today’s decision-makers, however, are too often trapped in traditional, linear thinking, or too absorbed by the multiple crises demanding their attention, to think strategically about the forces of disruption and innovation shaping our future.

In the end, it all comes down to people and values. We need to shape a future that works for all of us by putting people first and empowering them.” 4

Findings from the Price Waterhouse Coopers 2017 Digital IQ Survey show that “Those companies that pay more attention to people also report superior financial performance, compared with their peers.”5

Mobilising Mind Power

When harnessed, the knowledge of ordinary people delivers extraordinary value for the enterprise, this is collective intelligence from which innovation is born. For two decades, Sparx Systems has been supporting the ability of ordinary people in every industry, - empowering them through Enterprise Architect, - to achieve extraordinary outcomes. Those intellectual assets from which innovation arises - such as models and software - have been created and captured in Enterprise Architect and by re-use have improved the competitive position of organisations and industries.

Commenting on innovation, organizational theorist Ikujiro Nonaka suggests that knowledge is not created by information processing, but by “tapping the tacit and often highly subjective insights, intuitions, and hunches of individual employees and making those insights available for testing and use by the company as a whole". He adds “The key to this process is personal commitment, the employees’ sense of identity with the enterprise and its mission.”6

By extending Enterprise Architect to every employee, or stakeholder in the organisation, it will be possible to increase the focus of this collective intellect and mobilise mindpower for maximum productivity, while exposing the value models that will nurture innovation and create competitive differentiation for the enterprise.

With the use of an Enterprise Architect licence, the Sparx Systems Pro Cloud Server platform can extend the collaborative modeling efforts of the enterprise, to the entire workforce including Enterprise Architect users. Within the organisation, many thousands of non users of Enterprise Architect can freely access the model through the use of WebEA, to make comments and allocate resources.

“Effective KM (Knowledge Management) fosters innovation by encouraging the exchange of ideas, improves decision making quality, enhances the relationship with stakeholders (e.g., customers, suppliers, and employees, etc.), increases revenues by better responding to the market, and reduces costs by streamlining business processes.”7

Digital Workplace

Disruption defines new rules for everything and the digital workplace and the digital workforce change the way people work and the way they relate to each other.

Irrespective of it’s complexity, software takes up the same invisible space and grows without limit. In the past technological change was visible, software is not visible and the software based systems that are being built today, are beyond our intellectual capacity to understand as they are based millions of lines of code, that make those systems function. The value chain of physical industries are being eaten by software. In today's connected cars, software runs the engines, controls safety features and entertains passengers. Tesla provides software updates over the Internet to car owners, making the traditional“service” model obsolete.

In other industries such as, Retail, Oil and Gas, Financial services, Health and Defence etc, software is driving digital transformation and as we re-evaluate our ideas about the workplace , through the process of digital transformation, so too the relationship or engagement models between companies and their employees is changing as the digital workplace evolves. This people centric workplace revolves around employees’ needs—where employees can easily find and choose the technology tools they need to do their work effortlessly.

“The digital workplace is something that exists today, that evolves as technology and user behaviours do and that will keep transforming along the years. For this reason, the digital workplace initiative is to be seen as a continuous transformation.”8

In this context enterprises require flexible IT solutions such as Enterprise Architect and the Pro Cloud Server, that will evolve with changing needs and enable applications to be adapted quickly to prevailing conditions.

CIOs have to build a new service platform which is accessible both in-house and on the Cloud.9 With the Pro Cloud Server global enterprises will empower their employees to act in the moment and accelerate their business, by leveraging disruptive service delivery methods.

Through WebEA a lite web access, it will allow many thousands of people, to consume those models created by the few. For the organisations around the world who together form the largest percentage of the 600,000+ users of Enterprise Architect, the Pro Cloud Server represents an immediate pathway to productivity, previously unavailable.

The Pro Cloud server is a silo buster and for those non users of Enterprise Architect it represents an information portal, once the exclusive domain of Enterprise Architect licence holders, now accessible via WebEA. These users will be able to obtain a real-time view of content contained in an Enterprise Architect Cloud repository via a smart phone, tablet or computer simply using a web-browser. The entire organization can read and consume models, providing feedback where appropriate. Discussion enabled models support contributions to the model via the browser. Discussions are stored in the model to build up a complete picture of stakeholder feedback and create seamless discussions, either inside Enterprise Architect or using WebEA.

Innovation Management

As the global mobile subscriber base reaches 5 billion,10 technological change accelerates, competition intensifies and consumer demands increase, companies must develop more agile business models and rethink how they do business.11 the impact of the digital platform is multi-sectoral with a pervasive influence that is enabling companies to reinvent their business models, generateadditional revenue streams and provide new and innovative services, based on open standards and collaboration. Those International Standards cover all aspects of safety, interoperability, efficiency, electromagnetic compatibility and environmental impact.

Innovation management involves workers at every level in contributing creatively to a company's product development, manufacturing and marketing. Collaboration is an experience that integrates people, technology and business through which extraordinary things can happen and businesses can increase profits. It is an important source of innovation demonstrated by the fact that innovations are increasingly brought to the market by networks of firms, selected according to their comparative advantages, and operating in a coordinated manner.12

Successful companies view each alliance as a window on their partners’ broad capabilities. They use the alliance to build skills in areas outside the formal agreement and systematically diffuse new knowledge throughout their organizations.13

Examples of this type of collaboration occuring today are becoming increasingly common. Coca-Cola and Heinz, Nasa and Lego, Corning and Sharp, Corning and Volkswagon, Biotherm and Renault, Microsoft and Toyota, Repsol and Burger King are just a few of the organizations jumping on this bandwagon.

When Renault was launching a new 100% electric car called the Zoe Z.E, there was intense competition in Europe between car manufacturers to create an efficient, desirable zero-emission car. Accent on "desirable." So the 110-year old Renault tapped Biotherm's 60 years of skin experience and asked the cosmetic company to design a state-of-the-art climate control system that replenished its driver.

In other words, to create a "spa" car. Renault wanted to differentiate its vehicle in a very busy category, and it wanted to attract female car buyers. Biotherm answered the call, creating an in-car spa-like experience.14

The Aviation sector

Recently at the 2017 Aviation Show in London, Sir Tim Clark President of Emirates warned the aviation industry saying “The airlines which will not have properly integrated digital revolution in their day-to-day business will die, because they will not be able to offer the customer, the passenger, a tailored and customized offer.”

Over the past decade much work has been underway in this sector between the United States and Europe who are undertaking major modernisations of their respective Air Traffic Management (ATM) systems. The United States and Europe continue to collaborate to ensure harmonisation and demonstrate global leadership in support of International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) initiatives. Sparx Systems has directly supported this effort which covers System Wide Information Management (SWIM). SWIM is key to ATM modernisation in both the U.S. and Europe and consists of standards, services, infrastructure and governance enabling the streamlined management of Air Traffic Management related information and its information exchange among multiple parties. Domains for information exchange standards include aeronautical information, meteorological information and flight information.

Exchange models for each of these domains have been developed through collaboration between the U.S. and Europe. The Aeronautical Information Exchange Model (AIXM)15 has become a de facto global standard for new digital AIM systems being deployed globally.

The Weather Information Exchange Model (WXXM)16was developed as a joint effort of the EU, the U.S., and the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). It supports the latest ICAO requirements and aligns with international standards for geospatial and temporal information.

The Flight Information Exchange Model (FIXM) 17has been established to define current operations and some elements of Flight and Flow Information for Collaborative Environment (FF-ICE).

Airline distribution in the five-year span between 2016 and 2021 will be poised for monumental change.18 Two catalysts for this are IATA’s XML-based New Distribution Capability (NDC) shopping standards and IATA’s One Order single customer order record. The Airline Industry Data Model (AIDM) facilitates the development and maintenance of messaging standards in the aviation industry. The basis is a consistent model collaboratively developed and maintained by globally distributed industry work groups that use the Sparx (Systems) Enterprise Architect tool, including the “industry-agreed vocabulary, datamodels,and message definitions, as well as the related business process context and requirements”.19 The first XML schema (in the area of Baggage Logistics) was ratified as a an industry standard in September 2017 and it is anticipated that the NDC, one of five projects will become an AIDM/EA-based XML schema by end of this year.

Retail sector

The worlds of traditional commerce and e-commerce are merging, being driven by digital transformation, which is closing the gap between what digital customers already expect and what analog businesses actually deliver. As the gap closes many companies that cannot adapt become casualties of rapid change. “There have been nine retail bankruptcies in 2017—as many as all of 2016. J.C. Penney, RadioShack, Macy’s, and Sears have each announced more than 100 store closures. Sports Authority has liquidated, and Payless has filed for bankruptcy. Last week, several apparel companies’ stocks hit new multi-year lows, including Lululemon, Urban Outfitters, and American Eagle, and Ralph Lauren announced that it is closing its flagship Polo store on Fifth Avenue, one of several brands to abandon that iconic thoroughfare.20Recently the National Retail Federation (NRF) and the Object Management Group (OMG) formed a partnership to develop a portion of the standards formerly managed by NRF’s Association for Retail Technology Standards (ARTS) division.21

Working with ARTS since 2007, Sparx Systems has been providing licence support to the ARTS standards development team, both in the US and Japan. ARTS has created an extensive set of standards for communicating and storing information. This retail information library contains between 15,000 and 20,000 elements, representing over 80% of the interfaces in retail.

Automotive Sector

The automotive industry brought innovations such as mass production and the assembly line to market 100 yeas ago. Since then consumers have benefitted from developments in safety, build and performance. However this industrial inflection point has been totally eclipsed by the technology sector. Digitization will drive more innovation in the automotive industry in the next 20 years than there has been in the past 100 years.22

The future roadmap of digitalization in the automotive industry is expected to move rapidly from “digital services” to “car-as-a-service” to “mobility-as-a-service”, transforming the car into an element of a connected living solution by 2030.23

The automotive industry predicts that from 2017 “four out of five new cars will have an Internet connection. According to experts, the connected car of the future will send 25 Gigabytes of data to the cloud every hour, representing up to 130 Terabytes of primary data storage per car, per year.

The Automotive Open System Architecture (AUTOSAR) is an open and standardised software architecture and a platfrom designed to manage and accommodate the exponential growth in the complexity of modern vehicles. While complexity increased the AUTOSAR platform made changes easy to manage. Today’s vehicles contain multiple complex electronic systems, which can cause serious harm if they fail, potentially resulting in lawsuits and associated financial loss and brand damage to the manufacturer. Cross-industry safety standards have emerged and are gradually being implemented fully or in part. These standards affect the entire supply chain, and the implications specifically of ISO26262 and AUTOSAR means that we can all expect to drive safer and more reliable vehicles, knowing that designers and developers have considered the impact of safety and reliability for the many electrical, electronic, and software components in a modern vehicle. Having repeatable and reliable processes in place which have open audit trails and traceability back to formal requirements are an essential part of current software development and test practices. Enterprise Architect is deployed to maintain and develop the AUTOSAR standard.

Smartgrid Sector

The electricity industry is experiencing an inflection point where disruptive technology is empowering consumers with innovative alternatives to demand change to or even by-pass the traditional utility service model. As reflected in the current political debate in Australia, the traditional model of the vertically integrated electricity utility is in crisis.

Grid edge is the term for the many types of connected technologies that have sprung up outside the electricity grid. In the same way that Uber disrupted the transport industry, grid-edge technologies could do the same to electricity infrastructure. Like with Uber, the customers will take centre stage. According to the World Economic Forum, the innovation from grid edge technology will boost the electricity industry by $2.4 trillion over the next 10 years. .24

The three main industry sectors of grid edge are electrification, decentralisation and digitalisation. Electrification includes, electric vehicles, vehicle to grid/home, smart charging etc. Decentralisation includes energy efficiency, solar PV microgrids etc. Digitalisation includes network technologies that support open, real time communication and operation of the system.

The Smartgrid is the change framework for the utility sector and is being created from a standards based approach that is being driven by IEEE and IEC. In September 2017 the Common Grid Model Exchange Specification or CGMES was adopted by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). This data exchange specification for electricity systems in Europe, “will facilitate information exchange among an increasing amount of actors and notably with distribution system operators.”25

Interoperability standards such as CGMES create new freedoms and innovation for the benefit of manufacturers and the utilities. The CGMES is a part of the wider Common Grid Model framework supporting European data exchange and regional coordination which will result in grid optimisation, greater renewables’ integration, greater security and economies of scale.

Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect has been used extensively in the global utility sector and particularly in the development of standards such as CGMES


When embarking on major change the best position is to have available, resources in the form of product or service, that will be attractive to some other entity, who can assist in the transition and better still, by complementing your product or service, improve the odds of the success through the change.

Furthermore when seeking to evolve the best approach is for industries to work together to find solutions26. Because models capture and state requirements and domain knowledge so that all stakeholders may understand them, the model based approach to this quest is ideal.

Digital transformation is about the inclusivity of people. It is about agility- designing out the ordinary (the norm) and retaining people for their extraordinary insights and capabilities. Systems that support collaboration and knowledge democracy, allow the sharing of those insights and the collective identification of the mundane in processes and relationships. These platforms present the opportunity to make the changes that have the potential to deliver benefits to every stakeholder in the business ecosystem.

Sparx Systems has produced the Pro Cloud Server which enables any organisation that has invested its development IP in models, to now selectively share those models with any organisation, in any domain investing IP in models.


2L.Sherbin, R.Ripa, Diversity Doesn’t Stick Without Inclusion, Harvard Business Review,February 2017


4K.Schwab, The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond, World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2016The Future of Growth: Technology-Driven, Human-Centred

5Price Waterhouse Coopers, 2017 Global Digital IQ Survey:10th Aniversary Edition

6I.Nonaka, The Knowledge-Creating Company: Harvard Business Review, July-August, 2007

7K.Sung-kwan, R.Woolridge, Enterprise Knowledge Modeling:Challenges and Research Issues, Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, Vol. 13, No. 3, September 2012

8European Commission, Directorate-General Informatics, Digital Workplace Strategy 2017, Page 3

9Capgemini Consulting, The New Digital Workplace, Employee Productivity, Brand Image, Business Value, Page 8


11Grant Thornton, The future of growth and the technology industry: Reinventing the “new” again Spring 2017


13Gary Hamel, Yves Doz, C.K Prahalad, Collaborate with Your Competitors - and Win, Harvard Business Review, From the January–February 1989 Issue

14Terry O’Reilly, The Odd Couple: Unlikely Marketing Collaborations, Under the Influence, CBC Radio, March 9th 2017






20The Atlantic, What in the World is Causing the Retail Meltdon of 2017? Derek Thomson, April 10 2017


22World Economic Forum White Paper, Digital Transformation of Industries: Automotive Industry, In collaboration with Accenture, April 2016

23Frost & Sullivan, Digital Transformation of the Automotive Industry

24World Economic Forum

25Digital Transformation of the Automotive Industry, Frost and Sullivan, March 2017

26M. Reeves, S. Levin, D.Ueda, The Biology of Corporate Survival, Harvard Business Review, from the Jan-Feb Issue 2016

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